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Excerpt from Our Knowledge of California and the North-West Coast One Hundred Years Since: Read Before the Albany Institute, February 15, 1870Our familiarity of late years with the geography, the products and the increasing population of the WesternMoreExcerpt from Our Knowledge of California and the North-West Coast One Hundred Years Since: Read Before the Albany Institute, February 15, 1870Our familiarity of late years with the geography, the products and the increasing population of the Western empire of the United States on the shores of the Pacific, makes the reflection seem the more astonishing that a century since, this coast was unknown and had hardly been touched by the foot of an European.It is evident from the history of geographical discovery that a century since, California, Oregon, Washington territory and British Columbia were both in their coasts and their interior almost absolutely unknown. At that time the name of California was given to all the coast that stretched north of the peninsula on the maps. More than two hundred and eighty years had elapsed from the date of the discovery of America, from 1492 to 1769, before the mere outline of its north-west coast had been traced by Europeans. From the date of the discovery of Monterey, latitude 36 40, and of Cape Blanc in latitude 43, by Sebastien Yiscayno (Biscaien) in 1602, for a period of one hundred and sixty years, not a new point was made on these west coasts of America, until the year 1775. Even Viscayno had gone no farther north than Cabrillo in 1542.When we remember that Lower California had been discovered in 1535, by the same commander, Cortes, who had conquered Mexico, it certainly becomes extraordinary that a coast directly continuous with California, remained still unknown, two hundred and thirty-five years afterwards.About the PublisherForgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.comThis book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully- any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.